internal and external factors affecting educational achievement essay
However studies show that a teacher will place a label upon a child on the basis of stereotypical assumptions about their background and assumed attitudes. One major factor which can be argued has a huge influence on girl’s attitudes and high achievement levels is the impact of feminism. New AQA Specification 9-1. His argument for this is that working class families are less likely to support their child’s intellectual development through educational activities in the home whereas middle class parents are more likely to choose toys and materials which encourage thinking and reasoning skills.

Factors outside a child’s school life heavily impact their educational attainment as we have explored earlier on. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of ‘Cultural equipment’ includes language, self discipline and reasoning skills.

A widely observed behavior in students is their decrease in motivation.

We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on However one area that has been slower to change is a child’s subject choice.

(Romando, 2007) Defined motivation as an internal drive that activates behavior and gives it direction. Also ‘laddish’ subcultures can contribute to boys’ under-achievement. Not only can gender and age differences affect motivation, but the student 's self-efficacy and level of goal setting also affect the student 's motivation. factors within the education system. There is a growing … But, researchers know that this course has a board examination that the 3rd year and 4th year must prepare themselves before taking this exam, so that there would be a chance for them to become Certified Public, The importance of motivation in education and student learning.

The teacher’s enthusiasm may lead to more highly motivated students, but the energy presented by a group of inspired students also encourages the teacher. Personal Hygiene, Tech Award. These differences in speech codes enables the middle class children an advantage as the elaborated code is spoke by teachers, textbooks and exams. The external factors happen outside of the education system and focus on the influences in the home and the family background as well as the wider society. Thus, influencing girls to exert themselves vigorously in their education life. The motivation theory is concerned, Factors That Affect Student Motivation Essay. Whereas working class parents tend to take on a more manual occupation, traditionally they are skilled workers such as plumbers and mechanics or semi-skilled workers such as waitresses and cleaners.

A study carried out by Douglas (1964) supports this. To explain why middle class are more successful, Bourdieu uses the concept of ‘capital’. It is a common fact that girls take more care with their work and are better at meeting deadlines therefore they will do better in coursework compared to boys. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Science subjects are important because this field have greatly benefited mankind in, Many factors affect second language learning.

Conditions. 4. iron, steel, shipbuilding and mining careers, gives the impression to boys that there is little prospect for getting a ‘real’ job. Factors which cause differing attainment levels of children can be grouped into ‘internal’ and ‘external’ factors.

Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. In order for the instruction to be effective, and in order for the change in the life of the students to be lifelong, the teacher must instill discipline and “make disciples” out of students. Through her study, Gewirtz found that differences in cultural capital lead to class differences in what extent a parent has of choosing a secondary school. Several solutions have been offered in order to improve the quality of instruction. Changes in women’s employment.

Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? In contrast with this, girls tend to have a ‘bedroom culture’ which involves staying in with friends and talking amongst each other.

This refers to the development of thinking, problem solving and reasoning skills. Lesson looking at how external factors affect educational achievement. When a parent has negative or no views on education this reflects in the child’s abilities as they receive no encouragement from home. Again, falsely they told the school that pupils in this 20% were ‘spurters’. Achievement of students in schools has been the concern of school authorities. Since the 1960’s the feminist movement had challenged the stereotypical female role as a subordinate to males.

Introduction: This is argued by sociologists Bereiter and Engelmann (1966). However according to some sociologists many working class families fail to socialise their children consequently leaving them ‘culturally deprived’. Bourdieu (1984) argues that it is a mixture of both cultural and material factors which link to educational achievement. Since the law of apperception dictates that all learning depends on skills that were previously acquired, should a teacher succeed in instilling discipline in his students, then his students will, Chapter I Consequently, the child is left with little motivation for higher achievement. This causes boys to underachieve as they will not be working to their full potential in fear of being harassed.

Ryan (2009) explains that Self-determination theory proposed by Ryan and Deci in1985 as a macro‐theory of human motivation, personality development, and well‐being. There are three main focuses when it comes to the external factors that affect pupil's educational achievement such as cultural deprivation, material deprivation and cultural capital. A study carried out by Howard Becker (1971) investigated labelling.

Children will grow up incapable of abstract thinking and will be unable to explain, describe, enquire and compare due to this. factors within the education system. This sets an example to a young girl. It is more important for online classes because there is no second person available in front of a student as in face to face classes. Thus, leaving middle class children more prepared for school. THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND In schools, children are labelled heavily when they are divided into ability based groups.

Some of these prove to be effective for some time, but later new innovations are introduced thus sometimes affect the teaching-learning situations in the classrooms. Statistics show that in A level choices, ‘boyish’ subject like computing have a class which consists of 90% males, whereas subjects like English that are seen as ‘girlish’ have 69% females in classes. This affects their motivation to gain good qualifications, affects their attainment levels, and then finally affects their self-esteem as their see themselves as failures. Boys spend a lot of free time playing on games consoles and football etc, thus doing little to develop their language and communication skills. books, toys and activities. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service.

It contains a wider vocabulary and includes longer, more complex sentences.

This means they under achieve in school as they do not have the ‘cultural equipment’ for them to succeed. Teacher motivation has a strong impact on students’ motivation and learning (Gardner,2007). Rosenthal and Jacobson told the school that they had designed a new test which identified children which would ‘spurt’ in their academic life. In that year GCSEs were introduced, grade inflation began and coursework increased. CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Achievement of students in schools has been the concern of school authorities.

Over 70% of women now work enabling girls to see their future in paid work rather than housework.

For example a lone parent household, can affect a girls attitude as they see their mother taking on the role of homemaker as well as a breadwinner, independently providing for the family as well as taking on housework and emotionally work to support her children. Thus, forming a pro-school subculture.


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